Political Science as a Metadisciplinary Matrix
Political Science, International Relations and Area Studies emerged in the Russian University system as independent and rapidly developing educational and research disciplines. However, recognition of their importance beyond the professional community remains far from universal. Therefore, Russian Universities are struggling to create training programmes, aimed to prepare specialists capable of dealing with various urgent issues of domestic politics and foreign policy. This task presumes careful study of rising challenges in the global system as w ell as advantages and shortcomings of the existing educational model in Russia. The current article seeks to identify major conditions, determining future prospects of teaching in international politics. The author claims that in recent decades three major transformations appear as crucial. First, the rise of New Modernity reflected the growing nonlinearity in societies. Second, political orders experience a continuous reshuffling after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Third, major centers of economic production are transferring to Asia. Russian tradition of Political thought opens wide opportunities for understanding these shifts. However, the professional community has to adapt to the new conditions and, first and foremost,cope with the existing gap between University studies and practice. This requires provdingstudents with methodological and other tools to conduct professional expertise of complex strategic interactions. The current reform of methodological organization of the educational process enables to solve this problem systematically through a specialized institution – federal University associations for educational methodology. In accordance with the reform, the renewed FUAEM incorporates separate, but interrelated disciplines – Political Science, International Relations and Area Studies. Bringing them together within a single institution does not presume their unification, but rather amobilization of intellectual and organizational resources.
Keywords: education in Political Science, Area studies, Universities, tradition of political thought, qualitative and quantitative methods, nonlinearity, educational reform, University associations for educational methodology.
Authors: Oksana Gaman-Golutvina
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