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BRICS Responses to a Responsibility to Protect Concept

Abstract

Discussions about the crisis of peacemaking are an important part of a broader discussion of ways and means of reforming the UN. A new stage in the evolution of peacekeeping is associated with the developing of the concept of "responsibility to protect," which has been widely recognized by world community. At the same time, the concept provokes ambiguous assessments, since the problem of proportional and legitimate use of military force has not been resolved. In practice one can observe the politicization of the concept resulting in the use of the concept as umbrella to hide other political goals of the states concerned. However, despite the general recognition of many organizational, institutional and conceptual shortcomings, it has not yet been possible to agree on further steps towards reform. This is confirmed by the emergence of a large number of groups consisting of UN member states who involved in discussions around the peacekeeping. Such an international forum could be the BRICS, whose members show considerable interest in the problem of the effectiveness of peacekeeping. In order to understand the prospects for Russia's cooperation with BRICS partners, the positions of Russia, China, India, Brazil and South Africa regarding to the concept of "responsibility to protect" developed within the UN framework are being studied. The article shows that the BRICS states share a number of provisions that include to prevent of a voluntary interpretation of the UN Security Council resolutions at the implementation stage, to develop clear criteria for the use of military force, to establish mechanisms for peacekeeping operations monitoring, to involve regional organizations in UN peacekeeping more actively. At the same time, there are differences between the BRICS states when they interpret the "responsibility to protect". This can be explained by specifics features of their political history and culture, particular regional interests and variety of domestic political factors. Thus, within BRICS there is a platform for cooperation and coordination of activities in UN. At the same time, Russia and China demonstrate the most leading and consistent position with regard to the concept of "responsibility to protect".

Keywords:

UN; responsibility to protect; BRICS; international cooperation; peacekeeping; Libyan crisis; Syrian conflict.


Authors: Valery Konyshev. Alexander Sergunin

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