Legacy of Empires and the U.S. Policies in the “Third World”
In the light of rapid transformation of contemporary world order in the context of long military-political destabilization in the Near and Middle East the increasing attention of expert community is drawn by an empire phenomenon. In 2016 the world has celebrated 100-year anniversary of the well-known British- French Sykes-Picot agreement which in many respects has laid the foundation of a political configuration of the contemporary Middle East shaken today – a circumstance which reports additional relevance to studying the heritage of the European colonial empires in the practical plane. The answer to the question of a role of the colonial knowledge acquired during an era of empires in military-political planning and forecasting in Great Britain and the USA in the second half of XX – the beginning of the XXI centuries (the Anglo-Saxon model is of special interest as is the most integral from the point of view of reception of colonial experience of the European powers during a post-colonial era) allows to make more subject idea of the theory and practice of the international relations after World War II, with transition from an era of global colonial empires by an era of nuclear superpowers, and after “Cold War”, in the conditions of disintegration of bipolar system and the accruing contradictions between supporters of the concept of “global leadership” and the multipolar world that has not only the academic, but also political value.
In this regard the main attention in the article is paid to a role of historical modeling of the asymmetric conflicts as method of military-political forecasting in the second half of XX – the beginning of the 21st centuries in expert maintenance of the USA policy in the countries of “the Third world”. The state and tendencies of development of science about the international relations allow to claim that “lessons of history” of the asymmetric conflicts in expert circles keep the value for the analysis of decision-making process in the countries with high degree of inclusiveness of representatives of the academic world in expert community and relevant social and political discussions. At the same time, so far as concerns the role of colonial heritage of the European empires in development of a relevant foreign policy, it is necessary to consider influence of disciplinary filters on judgments and conclusions of experts. These methodological restrictions of the analysis of the USA policy in the countries of “the Third world” representatives of expert community also investigate in this article.
empire; superpower; imperialism; colonialism; Great Britain; USA; Afghanistan; Iraq; Near and Middle East.
Authors: Stanislav Malkin
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