British Colonial Past and the US Strategic Culture

Recent events are characterized by a prompt growth in civil conflicts: from disorder for racial reasons to
international collisions and civil wars of a religious, ethnic and territorial character. These circumstances
even more often return the academic and expert communities to the history of the formation and
development of a policy to ensure internal security. At the same time London and Washington within
«humanitarian interventions» of the end of the 20th, the beginning of the 21st centuries make active and
regular attempts to move to others soil (Afghanistan and Iraq are the most indicative examples) their own
experience of providing internal security. Understanding and forecasting the prospects of this transfer of
an alien model of forming a system of internal security demands a deep analysis not only of its main
components, but also of its ideological sources.
The special role of law enforcement agencies and departments (intelligence, counterintelligence, police,
army), the inconsistent choice between the principles of democracy and safety requirements (including
the extrajudicial restrictions of the rights of the foreign and own citizens authorized by the authorities on
the territory of Great Britain and the USA) are still valid nowadays, allowing to say that the methods of
providing internal security developed in the colonial past of Great Britain are still considered valid by a
considerable part of the expert community of the USA (though aren't always effective in practice), and
studying them has not only an academic, but also a political value.
In the light of the recently declassified documents on the activity of security services of Great Britain and
the USA after World War II, in countries of «The third world» and also the modern international
contradictions connected with attempts to introduce the model of providing internal security created on
the basis of colonial experience of Great Britain to various countries of the modern world, there is a need
to study this policy, and the development of structures, forms and methods of providing internal security
in Great Britain and the USA as the universal recipe for «counterinsurgency operations» and «operations
of stabilization». The present article represents the analysis of this process in the conditions of «Cold war»
and «War on terror» at the level of strategic thinking as one of the most characteristic and essential aspects
of transition from an era of global colonial empires to an era of nuclear superpowers.
empire; superpower; strategy; counterinsurgency; Great Britain; USA.

Authors: Stanslav Malkin

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