Emergence of A New Statehood in the Arab World
The Arab revolutions have resulted in the the development of the new legal basis intended to fix the results of the Arab spring and to designate new trends in the development of the Arab society in economic, social and political spheres. However, the constitutional reform faced some difficulties due to the absence of civil society and social consensus in traditional political systems in Arab countries. The elections that followed the reform were controversial and uncovered an obvious opposition between secular and Islamic forces. Considering that fact, adopting innovative legislation did not guarantee political stability inside the country. Political developments of the years 2011–2014 showed the fragility of the balance that was set after the revolution, as well as the limits of the political consolidation that might be overturned at any given moment. This article talks about the recovery of constitutional institutions and the implementation of new governmental authorities in Arab countries after 2011. The author reviews the new constitution and electoral legislation and analyses the Presidential and parliamentary elections in terms of their influence on the progress of regional situation.
Keywords: Arab countries; constitutional reform; electoral legislation; state institutions; Egypt; Tunisia; Libya; Syria; Algeria; Morocco.
Authors: Marina Sapronova
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