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New Statehood in the Arab World

Abstract

The development of a new legal basis intended to correct the outcome of the Arab spring and to launch new trends in the development of the Arab society in the economic, social and political spheres are some of the consequences of the Arab revolutions. However, the constitutional reform faced some difficulties due to the absence of a civil society and a social consensus in traditional political systems in Arab coun- tries. The elections that followed the reform were controversial and uncovered obvious opposition between secular and Islamic forces. Adopting innovative legislation did not bring about political stability inside the country. Political developments in the years 2011-2014 showed the fragility of the balance that was set after the revolution, as well as the limits of the political consolidation which is vulnerable to any changes which could take place at any given moment.

This article analyses the recovery of the constitutional institutions and the organizing of new governmen- tal authorities in Arab countries after 2011. The authors describe the new constitutions and electoral leg- islation which emerged after the revolutions and take a look at the presidential and parliamentary elec- tions, assessing their influence on regional stability.

Keywords:

Arab countries; constitutional reform; electoral legislation; state institutions; Egypt; Tunisia; Libya; Syria; Algeria; Morocco.


Authors: Marina Sapronova

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