Contemporary Protest Actions in Developed Countries as a Form of Radical Social Mobilization


The article is devoted to the problem of searching reasons of radical mass forms of social protest., to which collective actions from the mass protests interfaced to collisions with security forces to the protest leading to overthrow of the power and civil wars belong. This type of protest distinguishes, from the point of view of the author, other qualitative psychological state of protest because protesters are ready to take the huge risk for life and health, losses of freedom and property defending the requirements). The author considers that manifestation of such protest in most economically and politically developed countries of the world (2010–11 in England, 2014 and 2017 in the USA, May, 2017 in France, July, 2017 in Hamburg), along with other arguments, shows insolvency of many put-forward complexes of the causes of radical mass forms of social protest, in particular, of the principles of "Malthusian trap", "J-curve" and "structural and demographic concept" of J. Goldstone, which are popular in the last decades. From the author’s point of view a problem lie in the field of relationships of cause and effect in application of the specified approaches to radical mass forms of social protest and also from the point of view of universality of connection “reason–phenomenon”. One of key is transfer of perception of these principles from area "economic" to the sphere of social psychology and complexes of the psychological reasons of radical mass forms of social protest. The author comes to conclusions that "Malthusian trap", "J-curve" and the structural and demographic theory of J. Goldstone can't be considered as the causes of radical mass forms of social protest and can act only as contributing factors and conditions which can create nutrient medium for emergence dissatisfied but not carry out high-quality transition between a condition of protest fnd its radical and mass forms.


Malthusian trap; J-curve; structural-demographic theory; reasons of social protest; radical mass forms of social protest; theory of social protest; Hamburg’s protests.

Authors: Eduard Shults

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